The lawn mower is a mechanical device that literally shaves the surface of the grass by using a rapidly rotating blade or blades. The earliest gas-driven lawn mowers were designed in 1897 by the Benz Company of Germany and the Coldwell Lawn Mower Company of New York. Two years later an English company developed its own model; however, none of these companies mass produced their designs. In 1902 the first commercially produced power mower, designed by James Edward Ransome, was manufactured and sold. Although Ransome's mower featured a passenger seat, most early mowers did not, and even today the most popular models are pushed from behind. Power mowers are presently available in four basic designs: the rotary mower, the power reel mower, the riding mower, and the tractor.
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